Greece has expressed its intense consternation over the stance of Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez in seeking an upgrade of Turkey-Spain cooperation, particularly in the area of defence, at a time when the EU and the international community have condemned Ankara’s provocations against EU member-states Greece and Cyprus and violations of international law in the Eastern Mediterranean.

Spain ‘ignoring EU decisions’

Commenting on Sanchez’s talks with Erdogan in Ankara and an agreement for Turkey to purchase a large aircraft carrier from Spain, government spokesman Yannis Economou at today’s press briefing made clear the intense annoyance of the Greek government.

He underlined that the Spanish government is acting outside of the framework of EU decisions on the Union’s relations with Turkey.

“We were apprised of the remarks [of Sanchez and Erdogan] and we shall be monitoring developments…It is self-evident that [EU] member-states are bound by the decisions of the European Council as regards Turkey’s delinquent behaviour and violations of international law,” Economou said.

“The socialist prime minister of Spain was obliged to take into consideration the decisions of the EU,” Economou said, noting that the leader of Spain’s main opposition party has expressed his disagreement with a further tightening of Spain’s relations with Ankara.

Procurement of arms, defence know-how

At his joint press conference with Sanchez in Ankara, Erdogan stressed that with the procurement of a second, larger aircraft carrier, and possibly a submarine from Spain, the two countries’ defence cooperation will be strengthened

“The first aircraft carrier was not a large-scale one. We have agreed on the construction of a large scale (aircraft carrier), and perhaps, we will also enter into cooperation for a submarine,” Erdogan said.

“There is so much we can do in the defence industry, including armed and unarmed unmanned aerial vehicles,” he noted.

Possible procurement of frigates, submarine

Turkey has expressed an interest in purchasing F-110 frigates, and Erdogan said that he wants to cooperate with Spain on other arms programmes as well, such as a new series of S-80 submarines that are being built by Navantia for the Spanish Navy.

The communique issued after talks between the Spanish and Turkish delegations, which Sanchez attended with a large number of cabinet ministers, refers to the two countries’ will to cooperate on joint projects for the construction of drones, land and naval weapons systems, and satellites.

Sanchez extolled the level of the two countries’ bilateral ties, noting, “As my friend [Mr] Erdogan said, there are few countries that have such meetings at the highest level.”

“This is our seventh meeting since the first in 2009, and there are important reasons for that. Turkey-Spain bilateral ties are very positive. More than 600 Spanish companies are in Turkey right now,” Sanchez declared.

Spain-France competing in Eastern Mediterranean

Spain and Turkey over the last years have developed common interests in the Mediterranean region. They have strengthened diplomatic, defence, and economic ties that aim at Ankara garnering support within the EU and at Spain impeding France’s effort to have a dominant role in North Africa and the Near East.

In that context, the upgrading of Spain-Turkey defence ties effectively competes with the upgrading of Greece-France relations through their recent defence agreement, which includes a mutual defence pact.